Australian Maritime Safety Authority

Prosecutions for Ship Sourced Pollution

Protection through legislation

Prosecutions for ship sourced pollution are generally bought under the appropriate jurisdiction’s legislation within Australia.

Pollution prosecutions

Commonwealth legislation

  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975
  • Protection of the Sea (Prevention from Pollution from Ships) Act 1983.
    This Act is administered by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority. The Act implements the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) in Australian Commonwealth waters. Jurisdiction under this Act extends from 3 nautical miles (nm) out to the Australia Exclusive Economic Zone (200 nm) and also applies within the 3nm limits where a State/Territory government does not have complementary legislation.

State/Northern Territory legislation

New South Wales

  • Marine Pollution Act 2012

South Australia

  • Protection of Marine Waters (Prevention of Pollution from Ships) Act 1987

Western Australia

  • Pollution of Waters by oil and Noxious Substances Act 1987


  • Pollution of Waters by Oil and Noxious Substances Act 1987


  • Pollution of Waters by Oil and Noxious Substances Act 1986 Environment Protection Act 1970


  • Transport Operations (Marine Pollution) Act 1995

Northern Territory

  • Marine Pollution Act 1999

Further information

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